On this 3-day course we will explore the exquisite workings and development of the facial mechanism, becoming wholly familiar with it by handling the ‘jigsaw’ of the facial bones and palpation of the living anatomy.We will consider the relevance of healthy function of the facial mechanism to some frequently encountered problems in the physiology of the eyes, sinuses, speech, facial pain, dental occlusion and TMJ dysfunction. With individual tutorial support, this course offers a logical osteopathic approach and effective practical procedures which have proved to many to be indispensable in practice.
- Embryology of the face
- Bony anatomy of the face – you will have the opportunity to learn the bony anatomy by building the bony face in a small group using model dis-articulated specimens.
- Anatomy and function of the speed reducers as a gearing system between neurocranium and face.
- The eye, orbit and relation to the sphenoid and face, including clinical relevance
- How does the face adapt to physiological and unphysiological patterns of motion in the neurocranium, and how this influences occlusion.
- Anatomy and physiology of the nasal sinuses, and their function as a series of pumps that rely on motion for normal health and drainage of sinuses. Includes treatment approaches.
- The anatomy and function of the mandible and TMJ, relationship of TMJ function and dysfunction to occlusion. Includes treatment approaches.
- The ear and the relationship of the eustachian tube to temporal and sphenoid bones. Includes treatment approaches to improve drainage and function of the middle ear.
- The mouth, anatomy and function of the tongue and muscles of mastication, relationship to hyoid and anterior fascias. Sucking, swallowing, speech. The voice, osteopathic considerations and treatment approaches.
- Common mal occlusion problems will be discussed in an osteopathic context. The interface between osteopathy and dentistry will be covered on another course.